ВЛИЯНИЕ ОТСУТСТВИЯ ИЛИ НЕДОСТАТКА ДЕТСКИХ ПЛОЩАДОК В ГОРОДСКОЙ СРЕДЕ

Parmonangan Manurung

Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana ; <div>—Parmonangan Manurung was born January 23, 1975 in Palangkaraya, Indonesia. He did his undergraduate work at Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Indonesia and received his master degree from Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia. He is interested in architectural design, lighting design and inclusive design. He has published some books and articles based on his research and design experiences.</div> ;


Аннотация


Statistics shows that more than 25% of Indonesia's population in 2015 is comprised of children. For children, play is a very important activity in the process of their physical growth and social development. Play is also a right of children that is reinforced and protected by the constitution. But the rapid urban growth has resulted to the reduction of open spaces for children’s playground and this has limited their movement. Therefore, this paper assessed the impact of playground limitations on the playing activity of children in various places in the city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Qualitative research method was primarily used by which the data were collected through questionnaires, personal interviews, field observation, and literature review. The results showed how limited the spaces for children’s playground in the city of Yogyakarta which made children to utilize the road, the space around riverbank, the space around railroad tracks, and vacant land for playing and bicycling. These are spaces which are intended for other purposes but are perceived by children as available for them to play. They may be not aware that this is a very risky condition which they may have not fully realized particularly when no adults had intervened.


Ключевые слова


дети, играть, детская площадка ограниченность, физический рост, безопасность детей.

Полный текст:

PDF (English)

Литература


(1990) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

(2002) Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak.

(2013) Badan Pusat Statistik Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia Tahun 2010-2035

(2014) United Nations. World Urbanization Prospects.

Dargan, A., dan Zeitlin, S. (2006). City Play. In Fromberg, D., and Bergen, D., (eds) Play from Birth to Twelve, Contexts, Perspectives, and Meanings, Second Edition. New York: Tailor and Francis Group, LLC

Dewiyanti, D. (2011). Ruang Terbuka Hijau Kota Bandung: Suatu Tinjauan Awal Taman Kota Terhadap Konsep Kota Layak Anak. Majalah Ilmiah Unikom Online Bidang Rekayasa, Vol.7, No.1, [http://jurnal.unikom.ac.id/volume/vol7]

Haryadi, B.; Riyanto, B. (2007). Kepadatan Kota Dalam Perspektif Pembangunan (Transportasi) Berkelanjutan. JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL & PERENCANAAN, Nomor 2 Volume 9 – Juli 2007.

IIPR. (2002). Street Ahead: Safe and Liveable Streets for Children. London: IPPR.

Kirazoğlu, F.S., Akpinar, I. (2015). Children psychology and outdoor play areas in Istanbul: Bakırköy & Beylikdüzü cases. A|Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, Vol 12 No 1, March 2015, pp.107-114.

Macintyre, C. (2010). Play for Children With Special Needs, Second Edition. New York: Routledge.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18454/mca.2016.03.6

Ссылки

  • На текущий момент ссылки отсутствуют.